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What is a “Texas court of civil appeals”?

Texas intermediate appellate courts did not have criminal jurisdiction until September 1, 1981. Before that date, the courts now known as “courts of appeals” were “courts of civil appeals.” See In re Allcat Claims Service, L.P., 356 S.W.3d 455, 461 (Tex. 2011); Texas Rules of Form: The Greenbook section 4.2. Also, before that date all criminal appeals were taken directly from the trial court to the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals.

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